Nowadays, harmful water surplus and water shortage, which appear almost simultaneously, cause a significant problem in field crop production in Hungary. In Hungary, the most limiting factor is whether the right amount of water is available in the critical phenophases. Excess water and water scarcity affect the effectiveness of the entire cultivation technology, especially for the implementation of tillage, the uptake of applied nutrients and the optimal feasibility of harvesting. We cannot influence the amount of precipitation in a given year, however, we have an effect on the moisture turnover of the board.
The application of soil-friendly cultivation technology systems today is difficult to imagine without the use of precision farming. The large number of basic data provides the possibility of high-precision terrain
through the preparation of models, on the other hand, through the collection of agronomic and technical data, we have the opportunity to develop objective decision support. In the case of meadow and casting soils, capacity shortages occur primarily during the implementation of tillage, thus the work at the optimal time (with moisture content) is impaired. In the fall and in the spring, extra threads are needed to form the right seedbed. These extra interventions cause additional trampling damage. However, before the introduction of the new technology, it is necessary to drain the harmful excess water from the area.
In addition to the measurement of ecological parameters at the set experimental sites, the measurements will be carried out in several crops (corn, sunflower, wheat). The degree of soil conservation can be measured through the yield of the crop, which requires harvesting the experimental settings with a yield meter. During the surveys, soil mapping works are carried out, and soil resistance and moisture content are measured several times during the vegetation period. Existing machines suitable for precision farming, supplemented by those purchased during the activity, provide an opportunity to obtain a wide range of information in both the agronomic and technical fields, which will also have a positive effect on making the right economic decisions.